There's really nothing like that first cup of coffee in the morning. The aroma alone is enough to wake you up and make you feel alive!
The history of coffee dates back to ninth century Ethiopia, which was widely cultivated across the Middle East and Africa. From these regions it spread eastward throughout Arabia and Persia into Turkey and southern Europe. It was during the sixteenth century that coffee began to be drunk in Italy and France, becoming extremely popular.
Modern day coffee houses started in seventeenth century England; some believe it was the development of this public house that led to labor unrest when employers used them as a means of preventing workers from meeting together.
The first coffee house in the Americas opened in Boston, Massachusetts in 1670 and it was here that the term "coffee break" originated. In Europe, coffeehouses have served as centers for intellectual and political debates since their creation.
Coffee houses were banned by religious leaders because they attracted people who did not observe the Sabbath or authorized holidays, such as Catholics and Jews. Coffee was also banned by the Ottoman religious leaders for over a hundred years because of its stimulating effect on people.
Coffee is considered an essential part of many European cultures and an important economic resource in several African nations.
"Espresso" is Italian for "pressed out". The true espresso machine was created by Nespresso in 1986, which used the "pod" or small reusable capsule of coffee. In 1994, Nespresso merged with Vertuo company and named its product VertuoLine , marketing specifically to North America and Europe markets.
The terms "cuppa", "cup o'joe", "java", and "jolt" are all nicknames for coffee.
The caffeine in coffee is considered a performance enhancer that reduces reaction time, increases general activity and helps you to focus on tasks; several studies have shown that it can actually improve your mood.
However, the high levels of caffeine in espresso can sometimes lead to anxiety or sleeplessness when consumed in large amounts in a short period of time.
It is generally safe to drink coffee during pregnancy but should be avoided during the first trimester as it can cause miscarriages or premature birth, increased risk of fetal deformities and low birth weight. It also may increase the risk for type-2 diabetes later in life; studies are inconclusive .
The average American drinks over three cups of coffee a day. Around half the world's population consumes coffee on a daily basis.