King Amenhotep I was the ninth Pharaoh of the 18th dynasty. He ruled Egypt for around 20 years during 14th century BC and died at around age 40.
The mummy of King Amenhotep I was discovered in 1881 inside a wooden sarcophagus — one that had been reused and plundered in two earlier looting events. As Alice Stevenson, an Egyptologist at the University College London in England, pointed out to Discovery News, "the mummy had been badly damaged in antiquity."
"The body was in a poor state of preservation," wrote Saleem in her paper. "It was lying on its back with the head turned to the left side. The arms were crossed on the chest with both hands close to the chin. The legs were flexed on the abdomen."
Saleem also noted that, "The mummy had an anthropoid coffin of wood covered with yellow cartonnage inscribed with texts and decorated with polychrome glass plaques. Its lid was found inside the sarcophagus together with bandages and wrappings of linen. Most of the cartonnage was in bad condition, whereas the only well-preserved plaque showed King Amenhotep standing before an offering table receiving two necklaces from the snake goddess Renenutet."
The mummy was also adorned with garlands of flowers that partially obstructed it during CT imaging.
Using computed tomography (CT) scanning, Saleem and her colleagues were able to visualize the mummy in three dimensions. They could also see Amenhotep's body without any obstructions. The scans revealed that King Amenhotep was between 30 and 35 years old when he died, whereas earlier research had estimated his age at around 50 or 60.
"CT revealed a marked narrowing of the larnax and thoracic regions, suggesting that the body had been embalmed for some time before it was entombed," wrote Saleem. "The amulets found with him indicate that he died during the summer of year 31 or 32."In addition to CT scans, Amenhotep was also imaged using a technique called X-ray fluorescence, which enabled scientists to see the various metals and minerals used in his burial. The images revealed that he was wearing a necklace of carnelian and turquoise beads along with a pectoral made from silver or gold.